Where do they come from?
Neuroses affects mostly young people in their twenties or thirties. Those particularly vulnerable to an occurrence are those living in constant stress and those whose nervous system is extremely sensitive. Neuroses often occur as a result of difficult psychological experiencess e.g. the death or serious illness of a loved one.
In spite of appearances, it is more than excessive irritability – a neurosis is a serious disorder of the functioning of the entire body, which can lead to much worse complications. There are several basic types of neurosis – how to recognize them?
This type of neurosis makes a person who feels sick constantly look for symptoms of a deadly disease in their body and frequently visit doctors. When it turns out that the physical health of such a person is faultless, the person affected with this type of hysterical neurosis is barely in control of their anger. Hypochondria can lead to the emergence of chills, paralysis, fainting or even difficulty breathing or seeing. Such intense symptoms of the neurosis usually reassure the patient that they are suffering from a terminal illness. In most cases, the seemingly bad health of the affected person is for them an excuse to attract the attention of those surrounding them.
You have to work with a neurasthenic neurosis if you feel rage and tiredness connected with the necessity to go to work or school. The morning bad mood begins to improve at around lunchtime. There are two variations of this kind of neurosis: hypersthenic and hyposthenic. In the first case, the morning symptoms can be extremely intense – outbursts of rage, anger, and severe irritability. Hyposthenic neurosis manifests itself with tiredness, weakness and difficulty with concentration. Neurasthenia usually affects extreme home-lovers and introverts.
The obsessive-compulsive disorder, commonly referred to as the OCD, is a combination of obsessive recurring thoughts and compulsive behaviours, being a kind of defence against the fears of the patient. This type of neurosis is revealed by having strict rules and the necessity of repeating patterns – e.g. frequent hand washing, arranging items in a precisely measured order. The patient feels tremendous anxiety if any scheme of their operation is disturbed. This disorder can manifest itself as the necessity to constantly think and perform actions in the mind (e.g. counting everything seen on the way).
In the case of an anxiety neurosis, the affected person almost all the time feels an irrational unfounded fear, anxiety, and tension. A person suffering from this kind of neurosis has an impression of being in danger all the time. Anxiety neurosis is often accompanied by sweating all over the body and a shortness of breath. You should know that most phobias have their source in an anxiety neurosis, e.g. a fear of heights or arachnophobia.
This kind of neurosis affects people who have survived dramatic moments – a serious accident, assault, rape, etc. The patient experiences frequent headaches, dizziness, trembling hands and feet, and excessive sweating. Changes in the brain are associated with trauma that is difficult to control as a result of damage to the nervous system. Recurring fears, worsening headaches, and difficulty concentrating demonstrate an advanced post-traumatic reaction.
How to treat neuroses?
It is best to directly contact a neurologist, psychotherapist or psychiatrist to receive help connected with treating neuroses. Neurotic disorders are most effectively treated with individual or group psychotherapy – a cure for this disorder is in the wings. The task of the experts is to trace the source of the disease and teach the patients how they can deal with their own emotions.